ISSN and ISO standards
What is ISO?
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies from more than 140 countries, one from each country.
ISO is a non-governmental organization established in 1947. The mission of ISO is to promote the development of standardization and related activities in the world with a view to facilitating the international exchange of goods and services, and to developing cooperation in the spheres of intellectual, scientific, technological and economic activity.
ISO's work results in international agreements which are published as International Standards.
What is TC 46?
TC 46 is the name of the ISO Technical Committee working on standardization of practices relating to libraries, documentation and information centres, indexing and abstracting services, archives, information science and publishing.
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What is the ISO 3297 standard?
In 1971, an ISO standard for the creation of an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) was drafted. The ISO 3297 standard defining the ISSN was finally published in 1975. It contains the ISSN definition and standardized application rules. This has allowed from the origin the ISSN to be a tool internationally used in the most diverse frameworks in a coherent and compatible way. The ISSN International Centre is the registration institution officially designated by ISO for the ISSN.
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What is the ISO 4 standard?
The ISO 4 standard defines the rules for the abbreviation of title words and titles of publications. The words of the List of Title Word Abbreviations are abbreviated in accordance with this standard, for which the ISSN International Centre is the maintenance agency since 1974. In conformity with the field of application of this standard, the abbreviations can also be used for the abbreviations of titles of non serial publications.
What is the ISO 2709 standard?
The ISO 2709 computer format is the universal standard which is used in the library world for bibliographic records. If you do not work with an integrated library system, you may nevertheless use ISO 2709 based records with tools such as MARC RTP, MARC.pm or those proposed by the Library of Congress.
In addition, the ISSN, as an international identifier, uses various standards, defining the rules for transliteration and the character sets, or determining language and country codes.